Heinrich Marx (Justizrat)


Karl Marx

Karl Marx (Photo credit: Dunechaser)

Heinrich Marx (Justizrat) Heinrich Marx (urspr. Heschel Marx Levi Mordechai)

Heinrich Marx (urspr. Heschel Marx Levi Mordechai) (* 15. April 1777 in Saarlouis; † 10. Mai1838 in Trier) war ein preußischer Advokat-Anwalt und seit dem 15. Oktober 1831 Justizrat. Der Freimaurer und Jude ist der Vater des Philosophen Karl Marx.

Seine Eltern sind der Rabbiner Mordechai (genannt Marx Levy, * 1743 im böhmischen Postelberg; † 24. Oktober 1804 in Trier) und Chaje Levoff (1754–1823), die Tochter des Trierer Rabbiners (seit 1764) Moses Lwow († 5. August 1788). Heschels Großvater väterlicherseits war Samuel Mordechai und Urgroßvater Mordechai Marx. Der Vater war ab 1788, nach dem Tod des Schwiegervaters, Rabbi in Trier.

Karl Marx birthplace in Trier, Germany - Brück...

Image via Wikipedia

Heschels älterer Bruder Samuel Marx folgte dem Vater nach dessen Tod als Oberrabbiner in Trier.

Heschel war zunächst Sekretär des jüdischen Konsistoriums in Trier.

Infolge der Napoleonischen Gesetze führte die Familie seit dem 4. Oktober 1808 den Familiennamen Marx (vorher Marx Levy).

Im Oktober 1810 begann er in Berlin sein juristisches Studium. 1811/12 arbeitete er als vereidigter Übersetzer bei den Gerichtsbehörden in Osnabrück.

Hier ist er auch der kurzzeitig bestehenden Freimaurerloge L’Ètoile anséatique beigetreten. Weiterlesen

Karl Heinrich Marx


Cover of "CAPITAL: A Critique of Politica...

Cover via Amazon

Karl Heinrich Marx (5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) was a German philosophereconomist,sociologisthistorianjournalist, and revolutionary socialist. His ideas played a significant role in the development of social science and the socialist political movement. He published various books during his lifetime, with the most notable being The Communist Manifesto(1848) and Capital (1867–1894); some of his works were co-written with his friend and fellow German revolutionary socialist, Friedrich Engels.

Born into a wealthy middle class family in Trier, formerly in Prussian Rhineland now called Rhineland-Palatinate, Marx studied at both the University of Bonn and the University of Berlin, where he became interested in the philosophical ideas of the Young Hegelians.

Stammbaum von Karl Marx - Der Orden Bne Briss, Mitteilungen der Großloge für Deutschland VIII U.C.B.B. (= United Order of B'nai B'rith). Sammelbl. jüd. Wiss 167.

Stammbaum von Karl Marx - Der Orden Bne Briss, Mitteilungen der Großloge für Deutschland VIII U.C.B.B. (= United Order of B'nai B'rith). Sammelbl. jüd. Wiss 167.

In 1836, he became engaged to Jenny von Westphalen, marrying her in 1843. After his studies, he wrote for a radical newspaper in Cologne, and began to work out his theory of dialectical materialism. Moving to Paris in 1843, he began writing for other radical newspapers. He met Engels in Paris, and the two men worked together on a series of books. Exiled to Brussels, he became a leading figure of the Communist League, before moving back to Cologne, where he founded his own newspaper. In 1849 he was exiled again and moved to London together with his wife and children. In London, where the family was reduced to poverty, Marx continued writing and formulating his theories about the nature of society and how he believed it could be improved, as well as campaigning for socialism and becoming a significant figure in the International Workingmen’s Association.

Weiterlesen