Isaac Stern

 

English: Multiple image composite of the inter...

English: Multiple image composite of the interior of Louise M. Davies Symphony Hall (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Isaac Stern (* 21. Juli 1920 in Kremenez, Ukraine; † 22. September 2001 in New York) war einer der bedeutendsten Violinisten des 20. Jahrhunderts und zu seiner Zeit einer der gefragtesten Musiker der Welt.

Stern zog mit seiner Familie bereits im Alter von einem Jahr nach San Francisco. Mit 16 eroberte er nach dem Studium am Konservatorium in San Francisco bei Naum Blinder (Eintritt war bereits 1928) nach einigen Erfolgen an der Ostküste die Town Hall in New York und debütierte 1936 mit dem San Francisco Symphony Orchestra unter Pierre Monteux mit dem dritten Violinkonzert von Camille Saint-Saëns.

Außerhalb des klassischen Musikbetriebs wurde er durch seinen Dokumentarfilm From Mao to Mozart bekannt, der von seiner Reise als Lehrer und Interpret in die Volksrepublik China berichtet und der 1981 den Academy Award für die beste ungekürzte Dokumentation erhielt.

Stern konzertierte häufig in Israel. Er gründete 1973 das Jerusalem Music Centre und war Vorsitzender der amerikanisch-israelischen Kulturstiftung. Zu seinen Kammermusikpartnern gehörten der Cellist Leonard Rose, mit dem er zahlreiche Werke der Kammermusik und Konzerte wie das Brahms-Doppelkonzert für Violine und Violoncello op. 102 einspielte, und Eugene Istomin, mit dem er und Leonard Rose ein Klaviertrio bildeten. Ferner Emanuel Ax, Wilhelm Kempff und Yo-Yo Ma.

Deutsch: Warburg, Briefkasten am Museum am Stern

Deutsch: Warburg, Briefkasten am Museum am Stern (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Isaac Sterns Repertoire umfasste viele Werke der Violinliteratur aus Frühklassik, Wiener Klassik und Romantik, besonders Werke von Johannes Brahms, Beethoven und Mendelssohn sowie unter den Komponisten der Moderne Werke von Samuel Barber, Béla Bartók, Igor Stravinsky, Paul Hindemith und Leonard Bernstein.

Seine Autobiografie Meine ersten 79 Jahre erschien 2000 im Lübbe-Verlag (ISBN 3785720068) auf Deutsch.

Auszeichnungen

English: High resolution image of a violin mad...

English: High resolution image of a violin made by Roberto Regazzi, completed in 1998, the „ISAAC STERN“ (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

1982 wurde Stern mit dem Léonie-Sonning-Musikpreis ausgezeichnet. 1987 erhielt er den Lifetime Achievement Award. 1992 überreichte ihm US-Präsident George H. W. Bush die Freiheitsmedaille („The Presidential Medal of Freedom“), die höchste zivile Auszeichnung in den USA. 2000 bekam er den inoffiziellen Nobelpreis für Musik, den Polar Music Prize.
Weblinks [Bearbeiten]
Literatur von und über Isaac Stern im Katalog der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek
Isaac Stern in der deutschen und englischen Version der Internet Movie Database
Isaac Stern Nachruf-Sammlung des Archivs für jüdische Kultur und Geschichte
Isaac Stern Biografie bei WHO’S WHO
Isaac Stern Portrait bei Sony Classical
Infos zum Dokumentarfilm From Mao to Mozart: Isaac Stern in China bei zelluloid.de
Normdaten (Person): PND: 121850129 | LCCN: n83070050 | VIAF: 49409462 | Wikipedia-Personensuche
Kategorien: Klassischer Geiger
Autor
Grammy-Preisträger
Autobiografie
US-amerikanischer Musiker
Träger der Presidential Medal of Freedom
Träger des Ordens der Aufgehenden Sonne
Geboren 1920
Gestorben 2001
Mann

English: Howard Stern in 2000.

English: Howard Stern in 2000. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Isaac Stern (Ukrainian: Ісаак Стерн, Russian: Исаа́к Штерн; July 21, 1920 – September 22, 2001) was a Polish-born violinist and conductor. He was renowned for his recordings and for discovering new musical talent.

This article is about the American violinist. For the accountant to Oskar Schindler, see Itzhak Stern.

Isaac Stern was born into a Jewish family in Krzemieniec, Poland (present-day Kremenets, part of Ukraine). He was fourteen months old when his family moved to San Francisco. He received his first music lessons from his mother, then in 1928 enrolled at the San Francisco Conservatory of Music, where he studied until 1931 before going on to study privately with Louis Persinger.[1] He returned to the San Francisco Conservatory to study for five years with Naoum Blinder, to whom he said he owed the most.[2] At his public début on February 18, 1936, aged 15, he played Saint-Saëns‘ Violin Concerto No. 3 in B minor with the San Francisco Symphony under the direction of Pierre Monteux. Reflecting on his background, Stern once memorably quipped that cultural exchanges between the US and Soviet Russia were simple affairs: „They send us their Jews from Odessa, and we send them our Jews from Odessa.“[3]

English: Michael Tilson Thomas

English: Michael Tilson Thomas (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In 1940, Stern began performing with Russian-born pianist Alexander Zakin, collaborating until 1977.[4] Within musical circles, Stern became renowned both for his recordings and for championing certain younger players. Among his discoveries were cellists Yo-Yo Ma and Jian Wang, and violinists Itzhak Perlman and Pinchas Zukerman. He also played a major role in 1960s in saving from demolition New York City’s Carnegie Hall, which later had its main auditorium named in his honor.[5]

Among Stern’s many recordings are concertos by Brahms, Bach, Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Tchaikovsky, and Vivaldi and modern works by Barber, Bartók, Stravinsky, Bernstein, Rochberg, and Dutilleux. The Dutilleux concerto, entitled L’arbre des songes [„The Tree of Dreams“] was a 1985 commission by Stern himself. He also dubbed actors‘ violin-playing in several films, one of which was Fiddler on the Roof.

English: Conservatory of Flowers in Golden Gat...

English: Conservatory of Flowers in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Stern served as musical advisor for the 1946 film, Humoresque, about a rising violin star and his patron, played respectively by John Garfield and Joan Crawford. In 1999, he actually appeared in the film Music of the Heart, along with Itzhak Perlman and several other famed violinists, with a youth orchestra led by Meryl Streep; the film was based on the true story of a gifted violin teacher in Harlem who eventually took her musicians to play a concert in Carnegie Hall.

In his autobiography written with Chaim Potok, My First 79 Years, he cites Nathan Milstein and Arthur Grumiaux as major influences on his style of playing.

He won Grammys for his work with Eugene Istomin and Leonard Rose in their famous chamber music trio in the 1960s and ’70s, while also continuing his duo work with Alexander Zakin during this time. Stern later recorded a series of piano quartets in the 1980s and ’90s with Emanuel Ax, Jaime Laredo and Yo-Yo Ma, including those of Mozart, Beethoven, Schumann and Fauré, winning another Grammy in 1992 for the Brahms quartets Opp. 25 and 26.

In 1979, seven years after Richard Nixon made the first official visit by a US President to the country, the People’s Republic of China offered Stern and pianist David Golub an unprecedented invitation to tour the country. While there, he collaborated with the China Central Symphony Society (now China National Symphony) under the direction of conductor Li Delun. Their visit was filmed and resulted in the Oscar-winning documentary, From Mao to Mozart: Isaac Stern in China.

In 1987, Stern received the Grammy Award for Lifetime Achievement.

The stern gun of the SS Jeremiah O'Brien moore...

The stern gun of the SS Jeremiah O’Brien moored in San Francisco, California. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Jack Benny described Stern as the closest friend he had in the musical world.

Stern had close ties to Israel. In 1973, he performed for wounded Israeli soldiers during the Yom Kippur War. During the 1991 Gulf War and Iraq’s Scud missile attacks on Israel, he played in the Jerusalem Theater. During his performance, an air raid siren sounded, causing the audience to panic. Stern then stepped onto the stage and began playing a movement of Bach. The audience then calmed down, donned gas masks, and sat throughout the rest of his performance.[6]

Stern’s November 1948 marriage to ballerina Nora Kaye ended in divorce in 1949. On August 17, 1951, he married Vera Lindenblit. They had three children together. Their marriage ended in divorce in 1994 after 43 years. On January 23, 1997, Stern married his third wife, Linda Reynolds, who survived him.

Stern of the USS Pampanito (SS-383), berthed a...

Stern of the USS Pampanito (SS-383), berthed at Fisherman’s Wharf in San Francisco. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Isaac Stern died in New York City on September 22, 2001, of congestive heart failure, aged 81.

In 2001, his estate decided to sell his entire collection of instruments, bows and musical ephemera through Tarisio Auctions. The May 2003 auction set a number of world records and was at the time the second highest grossing violin auction of all time, with total sales of over $3.3M.[7]
[edit]
Violins

Stern’s favorite instrument was the Ysaÿe Guarnerius, one of the violins produced by the Cremonese luthier Giuseppe Guarneri del Gesù.[8] It had previously been played by the violin virtuoso and composer Eugène Ysaÿe.

Among other instruments, Stern played the „Kruse-Vormbaum“ Stradivarius (1728), the „ex-Stern“ Bergonzi (1733), the „Stern-Alard“ Guarneri del Gesù (1737), a Michele Angelo Bergonzi (1739–1757), the „Arma Senkrah“ Guadagnini (1750), a Giovanni Guadagnini (1754), a J. B. Vuillaume copy of the „Panette“ Guarneri del Gesu of 1737 (c.1850), and the „ex-Nicolas I“ J.B. Vuillaume (1840). He also owned two contemporary instruments by Samuel Zygmuntowicz.
[edit]
Awards

The stern gun of the SS Jeremiah O'Brien moore...

The stern gun of the SS Jeremiah O’Brien moored in San Francisco, California. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Sonning Award (1982; Denmark)
Wolf Prize
Kennedy Center Honors (1984)
Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist(s) Performance (with orchestra) (1962, 1963, 1965, 1982)
Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance (1971, 1992)
National Medal of Arts (1991)[9]
Presidential Medal of Freedom (1992)[10]
Polar Music Prize (2000; Sweden)
Commandeur de la Legion d’Honneur (1990)
[edit]
Discography
This list of songs or music-related items is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.
1944
Brahms: String Sextet No. 1 (with Alexander Schneider, Milton Katims, Milton Thomas, Pablo Casals and Madeleine Foley)
1944
Brahms: Trio for Piano, Violin and Cello No. 1 in B Major, op. 8 (with Myra Hess and Pablo Casals)
1983
Bach, Vivaldi: Concertos for 2 Violins
Isaac Stern: 60th Anniversary Celebration
Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto; Beethoven: Romances in G & F Major
Haydn: London Trios
1985
An Isaac Stern Vivaldi Gala
1986
Tchaikovsky, Mendelssohn: Violin Concertos
1987

The stern gun of the SS Jeremiah O'Brien moore...

The stern gun of the SS Jeremiah O’Brien moored in San Francisco, California. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Dutilleux: L’Arbre des Songes (Concerto pour Violin et Orchestre) & Maxwell Davies: Concerto for Violin and Orchestra
Celebration
Bach: Double Concerto; Violin Concertos Nos.1 & 2
Beethoven: Violin Concerto
Mozart: The Flute Quartets
Bach: Concertos for Violin, BWV 1041–43 & 1060
1988
Shostakovich: Piano Trio No.2; Cello Sonata
Brahms: Concerto for Violin, Cello and Orchestra in A Minor, Op. 102 & Piano Quartet No. 3 in C Minor, Op. 60
Prokofiev: Violin Concertos No. 1 & 2
Brahms: Violin Concerto
1989
The Japanese Album
Music, My Love
Prokofiev: Concertos No. 1 & 2 for Violin and Orchestra
Mozart: Violin Concertos Nos.4 & 5
1990
Brahms, Mendelssohn, Schubert: Trios
Brahms: The Piano Quartets
Rameau: Pieces de clavecin en concerts
Lalo, Bruch, Wenianski, others: Violin Concertos
Bach, Mozart, Brahms, others: Violin Concertos
Mozart, Telemann, J.C. Bach, Reicha: Trios, Quartets
Schubert: Violin Sonatas
Humoresque: Favorite Violin Encores
1991

[New York Bank Note Co. notice] (LOC)

[New York Bank Note Co. notice] (LOC) (Photo credit: The Library of Congress)

Beethoven: Piano Concerto No.5 „Emperor“; Triple Concerto
Beethoven: Complete Trios
Concert of the Century: Celebrating the 85th Anniversary of Carnegie Hall
Dvorák: Cello Concerto; Violin Concerto
Webern: Complete Works, Op. 1 – Op. 31
1992
Brahms: Sextets; more
1993
Tchaikovsky: Concerto for Violin and Orchestra & Serenade for Strings
Fauré: Piano Quartets
1994
Greatest Hits: Violin
The House of Magical Sounds
Greatest Hits: Schubert
Greatest Hits: Brahms
Beethoven, Schumann: Piano Quartets
Mozart: Sonatas for Violin and Piano, K. 454, 296 & 526
Beethoven: Piano Trios „Ghost“ & „Archduke“
Bach: Violin Concerto, BWV 1041; Piano Concerto, BWV 1056; Brandenburg Concerto No.5; more
Mozart: Sinfonia Concertante; Violin Concerto No.5
Brahms: Sextet in B-flat major, Op. 18 & Piano Trio No. 1 in B major, Op. 8
Schubert: Quintet in C major, D956 & Symphony No. 5 in B-flat major, D485
1995
Isaac Stern Presents Encores with Orchestra
Telemann, Bach Family: Trio Sonatas
Mendelssohn: Piano Trios 1 & 2
Brahms: Piano Trios, Piano Quartets
A Life in Music, Vol.3: Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Mozart, more
Beethoven: Piano Trios „Ghost“ & „Archduke“; Variations
Schubert, Haydn: Piano Trios; Mozart: Piano Quartet
Bartók: Violin Concertos
Bernstein/Dutilleux: Violin Concertos
Berg: Violin Concerto; Kammerkonzert
Prokofiev/Bartók: Violin Concertos; Rhapsody No.1
Stravinsky/Rochberg: Violin Concertos
Barber/Maxwell Davies: Violin Concertos
Hindemith/Penderecki: Violin Concertos
Berg: Piano Sonata; Krenek: Piano Sonata No.3; Webern: Piano Variations; Debussy, Ravel: works
A Life in Music, Vol.1: Beethoven, Brahms, Mendelssohn, Sibelius, more
Mozart: Haffner Serenade
Mozart: Sonatas for Violin and Piano, Vol. II
Beethoven, Brahms: Violin Concertos
Tchaikovsky/Sibelius: Violin Concertos
Bach: Violin Concertos; Double Concerto; more
Vivaldi: The Four Seasons; Concertos
Mozart: Violin Concertos Nos.1–5; Sinfonia concertante; more
Wieniawski/Bruch/Tchaikovsky: Violin Concertos
Mendelssohn/Dvorák: Violin Concertos
1996
More Mozart’s Greatest Hits
Mozart: Violin Sonatas, Vol. III
Schubert and Boccherini String Quintets
A Life in Music, Vol.4: Bach, Bartók, Beethoven, Copland, Schubert, more
Prokofiev: Violin Sonatas
Bartók: Violin Sonatas; Webern: Four Pieces for Violin and Piano
Beethoven: Violin Sonatas
J.S. & C.P.E. Bach, Handel, Tartini: Violin Sonatas
Hindemith/Bloch/Copland: Violin Sonatas
Schubert: Sonatinas Nos.1–3; Rondeau Brillant; Grand Duo Sonata
Franck/Debussy/Enesco: Violin Sonatas
Brahms: Violin Sonatas No. 1-3
Isaac Stern Presents Encores with Violin & Piano
1997
Barber: Adagio for Strings / Schuman – In Praise of Shahn etc.
Bartók Sonatas for Violin and Piano
Mozart: The Piano Quartets
1998
Isaac Stern Plays Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn
Beethoven: Violin Concerto in D
Bernstein: The Age of Anxiety; Foss: Serenade
Bach, Vivaldi: Concertos
Caprice Viennois: Music of Kreisler
1999
My First 79 Years
Tchaikovsky, Mendelssohn: Violin Concertos
2000
Dvorák: Piano Quartet No.2, Sonatina in G, Romantic Pieces
Vivaldi: The Four Seasons; Concertos for Two Violins
[edit]
Notes
^ K Robert Schwarz (September 24, 2001). „Isaac Stern“. The Guardian (London). Retrieved October 10, 2006.
^ „Isaac Stern 1920–2001“. The Musical Times.
^ New York Times
^ „Alexander Zakin, 87, A Piano Accompanist“. The New York Times. October 16, 2011. Retrieved December 18, 2011.
^ „Violinist Isaac Stern dies“. BBC News. September 23, 2001. Retrieved July 21, 2007.
^ Woo, Elaine (September 23, 2001). „Isaac Stern, Violinist and Musical Envoy, Dies“. Los Angeles Times.
^ Keough, James. „Stern’s Stars.“ Strings. August/September 2003, No. 112.
^ Jeff Bradley (December 5, 1999). „Stern, Shostakovich, Gedda stories on shelves“. The Denver Post. Retrieved July 21, 2007.
^ Lifetime Honors – National Medal of Arts
^ George Bush Presidential Library & Museum
[edit]
References
Stern, Isaac; Chaim Potok (1999). My First 79 Years. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-679-45130-7.
[edit]
External links
Isaac Stern at Allmusic
Isaac Stern at the Internet Movie Database
Isaac Stern biography at Sony Classical
Interview by Bruce Duffie, May 27, 1991
Booknotes interview with Stern on My First 79 Years, January 23, 2000.
From Mao to Mozart: Isaac Stern in China at the Internet Movie Database[show]
v · t · e
Léonie Sonning Music Prize Laureates

[show]
v · t · e
Laureates of the Wolf Prize in Arts

[show]
v · t · e
Laureates of the Polar Music Prize

[show

Categories: 1920 births
2001 deaths
People from Kremenets
Ukrainian Jews
American classical violinists
American musicians of Ukrainian descent
Jewish violinists
Jewish American musicians
Jewish classical musicians
Child classical musicians
Royal Philharmonic Society Gold Medallists
Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award winners
Kennedy Center honorees
Wolf Prize in Arts laureates
San Francisco Conservatory of Music alumni
American people of Ukrainian-Jewish descent
Polish emigrants to the United States
Cardiovascular disease deaths in New York
Deaths from congestive heart failure

Lesen Sie KARL MARX - Zur Judenfrage... und Sie werden staunen, was ein Jude über die Juden so schreibt...

Trage deine Daten unten ein oder klicke ein Icon um dich einzuloggen:

WordPress.com-Logo

Du kommentierst mit Deinem WordPress.com-Konto. Abmelden / Ändern )

Twitter-Bild

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Twitter-Konto. Abmelden / Ändern )

Facebook-Foto

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Facebook-Konto. Abmelden / Ändern )

Google+ Foto

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Google+-Konto. Abmelden / Ändern )

Verbinde mit %s