List of Jews born in the former Russian Empire

Coat of arms of the Union of Soviet Socialist ...

Coat of arms of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics from 1958 to 1991 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The following is a list of Jews born in the territory of the former Russian Empire. It is geographically defined, so it also includes people born after the dissolution of the Russian Empire in 1922 and its successor the Soviet Union in 1991.

A few years before The Holocaust, the Jewish population of the Soviet Union (excluding Western Ukraine and the Baltic states who were not part of the Soviet Union then) stood at over 5 million, most of whom were Ashkenazic as opposed to Sephardic, with some Karaite minorities. It is estimated that over half died directly as a result of the Shoah. Many more emigrated to Israel, USA, Argentina, and Germany, though Russia and Ukraine still have among the larger Jewish populations in the world today (440,000 in Russia, 300,000 in Ukraine).

Historical figures

Politicians

Israeli politicians

Israeli military persons

Soviet Soldiers and Revolutionaries

Others

Business figures

Scientists

Natural scientists

Mathematicians

Social scientists

Cultural figures

Musicians

Chazzan http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mordechai_Hershman

Performing and fine artists

Writers and poets

English: The Union of Soviet Socialist Republi...

English: The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Sport figures

Chess

Boxing

Canoeing

Fencing

Figure skating

Football (American)

Gymnastics

Ice hockey

Judo

Rugby league

Sailing

  • Valentyn Mankin, Soviet/Ukraine, only sailor in Olympic history to win gold medals in three different classes (yachting: finn class, tempest class, and star class), silver (yachting, tempest class)

Shooting

Soccer (association football

Speed skating

  • Rafayel Grach, USSR, Olympic silver (500-meter), bronze (500-meter)

Swimming

  • Vadim Alexeev, Kazakhstan-born Israeli, breaststroke[182]
  • Semyon Belits-Geiman, USSR, Olympic silver (400-m freestyle relay) and bronze (800-m freestyle relay); world record in men’s 800-m freestyle
  • Lenny Krayzelburg, Ukrainian-born US, 4x Olympic champion (100-m backstroke, 200-m backstroke, twice 4×100-m medley relay); 3x world champion (100-m and 200-m backstroke, 4×100-m medley) and 2x silver (4×100-m medley, 50-m backstroke); 3 world records (50-, 100-, and 200-m backstroke)

Table tennis

Track and field

Volleyball

Water polo

Weightlifting

  • Moisei Kas’ianik, Ukrainian-born USSR, world champion[180]
  • Grigory Novak, Soviet, Olympic silver (middle-heavyweight); world champion
  • Rudolf Plyukfelder, Soviet, Olympic champion, 2x world champion (light heavyweight)[191]
  • David Rigert, Kazakh-born USSR, Olympic champion, 5x world champion (light-heavyweight and heavyweight), 68 world records[192]
  • Igor Rybak, Ukrainian-born USSR, Olympic champion (lightweight)
  • Valery Shary, Byelorussian-born USSR, Olympic champion (light-heavyweight)

Wrestling

Other sports

See also

Footnotes

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