Leonid Ossipowitsch Utjossow – Utesov – Lazar Iosifovich Vaysbeyn or Weissbein – Leyzer Iosifovich Vaysbeyn or Weissbein – Lazar Iosifovich Weissbein – Leyzer Iosifovich Weissbein – Леони́д О́сипович Утёсов – Ла́зарь Ио́сифович Вайсбе́йн – Ио́сифович Вайсбе́йн – Ле́йзер Ио́сифович Вайсбе́йн Ио́сифович Вайсбе́йн

Utyosov in Jolly Fellows (1934).

Utyosov in Jolly Fellows (1934). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Leonid Ossipowitsch Utjossow – Utesov – Lazar Iosifovich Vaysbeyn or Weissbein –  Leyzer Iosifovich Vaysbeyn or Weissbein – Lazar Iosifovich Weissbein – Leyzer Iosifovich Weissbein – Леони́д О́сипович Утёсов – Ла́зарь Ио́сифович Вайсбе́йн – Ио́сифович Вайсбе́йн – Ле́йзер Ио́сифович Вайсбе́йн Ио́сифович Вайсбе́йн

Leonid Osipovich Utyosov or Utesov (Russian: Леони́д О́сипович Утёсов); real name Lazar (Leyzer) Iosifovich Vaysbeyn or Weissbein (Russian: Ла́зарь (Ле́йзер) Ио́сифович Вайсбе́йн) (21 March [O.S. 9 March] 1895, Odessa – 9 March 1982, Moscow), was a famous Soviet jazz singer and comic actor of Jewish origin, who became the first pop singer to be awarded the prestigious title of People’s Artist of the USSR in 1965.

Leonid Utyosov was brought up in Odessa (in present day Ukraine) and attended the Faig School of Commerce, from which he dropped out and joined the Borodanov Circus troupe as an acrobat. He started his stage career in 1911 in Kremenchuk, then returned to Odessa, changed his artistic name to Leonid Utyosov, and performed as a stand up comedian with the Rosanov troupe and with the Rishelyavsky Theatre. In 1917, he won a singing competition in Gomel, Belarus, then performed in Moscow.

Leonid Utyosov and his band in the 1950s.

A Russian stamp honoring Leonid Utyosov, 1999, 2 rub. (Michel 756, Scott 6542)

English: Stamp of Russia, Leonid Utyosov, 1999...

English: Stamp of Russia, Leonid Utyosov, 1999, 2 r. Русский: Марка России, Леонид Утёсов, 1999, 2 руб. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In the 1920s, he moved to Leningrad and set up one of the first Soviet jazz bands. In Leningrad he began collaboration with the popular composer, Isaak Dunayevsky, which turned out to be a breakthrough for both artists. At that time, Utyosov built a band of the finest musicians available in Leningrad, and created a style all his own – a jazz show with stand up comedy, which blended several styles, ranging from Russian folk songs to a variety of international cosmopolitan genres. In 1928, Utyosov toured Europe and attended performances of American jazz bands in Paris, which influenced his own style. During the 1930s, Utyosov and his band, called „Thea-Jazz“ (a portmanteau of Theatrical Jazz) had a regular gig at the Marble Hall of the Kirov Palace of Culture in Leningrad. Utyosov’s jazz band also performed at the Leningrad Maly Opera theatre, at the „Svoboda-teatr,“ and at the Leningrad Music Hall. In his performances, Utyosov delivered a variety of musical styles, including such genres as American jazz, Argentine tango, French chanson, upbeat dance, and Russian folk music.

Lyubov Orlova and Leonid Utyosov in Jolly Fellows

Lyubov Orlova and Leonid Utyosov in Jolly Fellows (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

His popularity was on the rise in the 1930s when he co-starred with Lyubov Orlova in the comedy Jolly Fellows. In it, Utyosov performed such hits as „Serdtse“ (Heart), „Me and My Masha at the Samovar,“ and „Tired Sun“, also known in English as „Burnt by the Sun“ (revived by Nikita Mikhalkov as a theme for his eponymous Oscar-winning film). During World War II, Utyosov performed on the front lines, helping lift the spirits of the Russian soldiers fighting against the Nazis. On Victory Day (9 May 1945), he performed on Sverdlov Square in Moscow.

Utyosov lived in Moscow for the rest of his life, albeit in many of his songs he alluded to his native town of Odessa, where a monument to him was dedicated in 2000.

Isaak Dunayevsky

Isaak Dunayevsky (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In 2006, Utyosov’s song Dark Night was used as the main theme in the Swedish horror film Frostbite, forshadowing the coming of vampires in a northern Swedish town.

Richard Stites writes:

In the years of the „red jazz age“ (1932–1936) European and Soviet bands were heard in dozens of cities. The kings were Alexander Tsfasman and Leonid Utesov. … Utesov – musically far less gifted – was actually more popular than Tsfasman, partly because of the spectacular success of his comedy film Happy-Go-Lucky Guys, but mostly because his Odessa background and his circus and carnival road experience on the southern borscht belt gave him a clowning manner. He resembled his idol, the personable Ted („Is everybody happy?“) Lewis more than he did any of the great jazz figures of the time. In fact, Utesov was the typical estrada entertainer – quick witted, versatile, and funny. He was not only one of the stars of the 1930s but also a personal favorite of Stalin.

Filmography

  • 1919 –
    2001 Russia 2 rub 50 kopeks stamp. Lyubov Orlova

    2001 Russia 2 rub 50 kopeks stamp. Lyubov Orlova (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

    Lieutenant Schmidt – Freedom Fighter (Russian: Лейтенант Шмидт — борец за свободу)

  • 1923 – Trade-House „Entente and Co.“ (Russian: Tорговый дом «Антанта и К»)
  • 1926 – Career of Spirka Shpandyr (Russian: Карьера Спирьки Шпандыря)
  • 1934 – Jolly Fellows (Russian: Весёлые ребята) — Kostya Potekhin
  • 1940 – Concert on the screen (Russian: Концерт на экране)
  • 1942 – Concert for the frontlines (Russian: Концерт фронту)
  • 1954 – Merry stars (Russian: Весёлые звёзды)
  • 1963 – Melodies of Dunayevsky (Russian: Мелодии Дунаевского)
English: Nikita Mikhalkov, a Soviet / Russian ...

English: Nikita Mikhalkov, a Soviet / Russian film director and actor. Español: Nikita Mijalkov, un director de cine y actor soviético / ruso. Français : Nikita Mikhalkov, un réalisateur et acteur soviétique / russe. Русский: Никита Михалков, советский / российский кинорежиссёр и актёр. Suomi: Nikita Mihalkov, neuvostoliiton / venäläinen elokuvaohjaaja ja näyttelijä. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Singles

  • Gop so smykom
  • S Odesskogo kichmana
  • Odessit-Mishka
  • Shalndy polnye kefali

See also

References

  1. ^ Richard Stites, Russian Popular Culture: Entertainment and Society since 1900 (Cambridge University Press, 1992: ISBN 0-521-36986-X), p. 74.
  2. ^ Леонид Утёсов – Гоп со смыком (video footage)

External links

Nikita Mikhalkov on the 1964 film poster for I...

Nikita Mikhalkov on the 1964 film poster for I Step Through Moscow. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Leonid Ossipowitsch Utjossow (russisch Леонид Осипович Утёсов, wirklicher Name – Lazar (Leyzer) Weissbein, russisch Ла́зарь (Ле́йзер) Ио́сифович Вайсбе́йн; * 9. Märzjul./ 21. März 1895greg. in Odessa; † 9. März 1982 in Moskau) war ein populärer Jazz-Sänger und Bandleader der Sowjetunion.

Utjossow machte ab 1911 seine ersten künstlerischen Schritte mit einem Theater, mit dem er übers Land reiste und auch in Moskau und Leningrad auftrat. Ende der 20er Jahre baute er sein erstes Jazz-Orchester auf. Sein erster Spielort wurde die Kleine Oper in Leningrad, an der er erste große Erfolge feierte. Auch in der Folgezeit war Utjossow der charismatische Leiter und Frontmann seiner Bands. An Musikgenres deckte er eine breite Palette ab: Jazz (insbesondere der Swing-Stil der 1930er) zählte ebenso dazu wie sowjetische Unterhaltungsmusik (Estrada), Filmmusiken sowie Aufnahmen mit sogenannten Gaunerchansons. Am 9. Mai 1945 trat er neben anderen Musikern auf dem Roten Platz in Moskau bei den Siegesfeiern zum Ende des Zweiten Weltkrieges auf. Er war bis zu seinem Lebensende aktiver Musiker. Bis heute zählt er zu den wichtigsten Künstlern in den ersten Jahrzehnten der Sowjetunion.

English: Nikita Mikhalkov and his daughter Nad...

English: Nikita Mikhalkov and his daughter Nadedja Mikhalkov at the Cannes film festival (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

1965 erhielt er die Auszeichnung Volkskünstler der UdSSR.

Literatur

  • Barry Dean Kernfeld (Hrsg.): The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. 2. Aufl. Grove, New York 2002, ISBN 0-333-69189-X.
People's Artist of the USSR, Leonid Smetannikov

People’s Artist of the USSR, Leonid Smetannikov (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Weblinks

 Commons: Leonid Utyosov – Sammlung von Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien

Ein Gedanke zu “Leonid Ossipowitsch Utjossow – Utesov – Lazar Iosifovich Vaysbeyn or Weissbein – Leyzer Iosifovich Vaysbeyn or Weissbein – Lazar Iosifovich Weissbein – Leyzer Iosifovich Weissbein – Леони́д О́сипович Утёсов – Ла́зарь Ио́сифович Вайсбе́йн – Ио́сифович Вайсбе́йн – Ле́йзер Ио́сифович Вайсбе́йн Ио́сифович Вайсбе́йн

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