Wolf Blitzer – Wolf Isaac Blitzer

CNN Anchor/Reporter Wolf Blitzer

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Wolf Isaac Blitzer (born March 22, 1948) is an American journalist who has been a CNN reporter since 1990. Blitzer is currently the host of the newscast The Situation Room and was the host of the Sunday talk show Late Edition until it was discontinued on January 11, 2009. Blitzer previously hosted Wolf Blitzer Reports, which was replaced by The Situation Room.

he son of Jewish refugees from Poland,[2] Wolf Blitzer was born in AugsburgGermany[3][4] and raised in Buffalo, New York. Blitzer graduated from Kenmore West Senior High School and received a Bachelor of Arts in history from the University at Buffalo in 1970. While there, he was a brother of Alpha Epsilon Pi. In 1972, he received a Master of Arts in international relations from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. While at Johns Hopkins, Blitzer studied abroad at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he learned Hebrew.

Blitzer has said that he has frequently been asked about his name, which has been characterized as seemingly „made-for-TV“.[6] In a Wayne’s World Saturday Night Live sketch which aired during the Persian Gulf War, Wayne and Garth picked Blitzer as having the „worst name“ of any war correspondent, with Garth remarking, „It’s so obvious the guy made it up for the war!“ [7]Blitzer explains that his surname goes back for generations, and his first name, ‚Wolf‘, is the same first name as his maternal grandfather.

In writing for several Israeli newspapers in Washington, Blitzer has used the names Zev Blitzer and Zev Barak.[8]

[edit]Career

[edit]Washington and Jerusalem

Blitzer began his career in journalism in the early 1970s in the Tel Aviv bureau of the Reuters news agency. In 1973 he caught the eye ofJerusalem Post editor Ari Rath, who hired Blitzer as a Washington correspondent for the English language Israeli newspaper. Blitzer would remain with the Jerusalem Post until 1990, covering both American politics and developments in the Middle East.[9]

In the mid-1970s, Blitzer also contributed to the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) as the editor of their monthly publication, the Near East Report.[10][11] While at AIPAC, Blitzer’s writing focused on Middle East affairs as they relate to United States foreign policy.

At an April 1977 White House press conference, Blitzer asked Egyptian leader Anwar Sadat why Egyptian scholars, athletes and journalists were not permitted to visit Israel. Sadat, somewhat taken aback, responded that such visits would be possible after an end to the state of belligerence between the two nations. In November of that year, Sadat made a historic visit to Israel, and Blitzer covered the negotiations between the two countries from the first joint Israeli-Egyptian press conference in 1977 to the final negotiations that would lead to the signing of the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty two years later.[9]

Fluent in Hebrew, in this period Blitzer also published articles for several Israeli-based newspapers. Under the name Zev Blitzer, he wrote forAl HaMishmar; using the name Zev Barak, he had work published in Yedioth Ahronoth.[8]

In 1985, Blitzer published his first book, Between Washington and Jerusalem: A Reporter’s Notebook (Oxford University Press, 1985). The text outlined his personal development as a reporter, and the relations between the United States and Israel.

[edit]Jonathan Pollard

In 1986, he became known for his coverage of the arrest and trial of Jonathan Pollard, an American Jew who was charged with spying for Israel.[9] Blitzer was the first journalist to interview Pollard, and he would later write a book about the Pollard Affair titled Territory of Lies.[12] In the book, Blitzer writes that Pollard contacted him because he had been reading Blitzer’s byline for years, and because Blitzer „had apparently impressed him as someone who was sympathetic“.[13] Pollard also hoped that Blitzer would help him „reach the people of Israel, as well as the American Jewish community.“[14]

Blitzer’s interview with Pollard was controversial in the context of the legal action against him, as it was construed by some media voices as a possible violation of the terms of Pollard’s plea deal, which forbade media contact. Blitzer’s subsequent book about the affair was included in The New York Times list of „Notable Books of the Year“ for 1989.[15] In its review, the Times praised the book as „lucid and highly readable“ and called Blitzer’s judgment of Israeli officials „harsh but fair“.[16]

A review in The New York Review of Books was more critical, prompting a letter from Blitzer accusing the reviewer of making several inaccurate statements. Reviewer Robert I. Friedman responded to Blitzer’s criticism by characterizing Territory of Lies as „a slick piece of damage control that would make [Blitzer’s] former employers at AIPAC (not to mention Israel’s Defense Ministry) proud.“[17]

[edit]Cable News Network

Blitzer reviews notes during a break from presenting from the floor of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in DenverColorado.

In May 1990, Blitzer moved to CNN and worked as the cable network’s military affairs reporter. Blitzer spent a month in Moscow in 1991, and was one of the first Western reporters to visit KGB headquarters. His team’s coverage of the first Gulf War in Kuwaitwon a CableACE Award and made him a household name.

In 1992, Blitzer became CNN’s White House correspondent, a position he would hold until 1999. During this period, he earned an Emmy Award for his coverage of the 1995Oklahoma City bombing. In 1998, he began hosting the CNN Sunday morning interview program Late Edition with Wolf Blitzer, which was seen in over 180 countries. Blitzer’s first assignment as an anchor was on the daily newscast The World Today, in 1999. In 2000, he started anchoring his own show, Wolf Blitzer Reports.

CNN selected Blitzer to anchor their coverage of the 2004 presidential election and the2008 presidential election. Since August 8, 2005, Blitzer has hosted The Situation Room, a three-hour afternoon/early evening program on CNN.[18][19]

[edit]Awards

Blitzer has won awards including the 2004 Journalist Pillar of Justice Award from the Respect for Law Alliance and the 2003 Daniel Pearl Award from the Chicago Press Veterans Association. His news team was among those awarded a George Foster Peabody Award for coverage of Hurricane Katrina, anAlfred I. DuPont Award for coverage of the 1999 Southeast Asian tsunami, and an Edward R. Murrow Award for CNN’s coverage of theSeptember 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.

In November 2002, he won the American Veteran Awards‘ Ernie Pyle Journalism Award for military reporting. In February 2000, he received the Anti-Defamation League’s Hubert H. Humphrey First Amendment Freedoms Prize. In 1999, Blitzer won the International Platform Association’s Lowell Thomas Broadcast Journalism Award. Blitzer won an Emmy Award for his coverage of the Oklahoma City bombing. Blitzer was also part of the CNN team that was awarded a Golden ACE award for their 1991 Gulf War reporting. In 1994, American Journalism Review cited him and CNN as the readers‘ choice for the Best in the Business Award for network coverage of the Clinton administration.[18] On May 23, 2010, Blitzer was awarded the honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters by Niagara University at their undergraduate commencement exercise. Also, on May 14, 2011 he received an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from Penn State University. On September 25th, 2011, Blitzer was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters by the University of Hartford.[20]

[edit]Other media appearances

Blitzer appears as himself in the 2009 documentary „Back Door Channels: The Price of Peace.“ The film deals with the back room negotiations that lead to the historic 1979 Peace Treaty between Israel and Egypt. At the time, Blitzer was the Washington Bureau Chief of the Jerusalem Post, and played a key role in establishing a back channel of communications between Israel and the White House by introducing President Carter’s General Counsel, Robert Lipshutz, to New York businessman Leon Charney, a close friend of then Israeli Defense Minister Ezer Weizman.[21] The flow of information between Weizman and Carter, via Charney and Lipshutz, contributed to finalizing the peace agreement between Israel and Egypt.

On September 17, 2009, Blitzer competed on an episode of Celebrity Jeopardy!, finishing the Double Jeopardy round with −$4,600. He was given $1,000 to bet in Final Jeopardy!, finishing with $2,000 and ultimately losing to comedian Andy Richter, who won $68,000 for St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital.[22][23] In an odd twist, a minor league soccer team from Blitzer’s home town of Buffalo held a nickname contest and FC Buffalo’s winner was „Blitzers.“

[edit]Family

Blitzer and his wife Lynn Greenfield live in Bethesda, Maryland, and have one daughter, Ilana, born in 1981.[24]  

[edit]References

  1. ^ jweekly.com
  2. ^ http://www.tmz.com/person/wolf-blitzer/
  3. ^ Encyclopedia of television news, By Michael D. Murray, Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999, ISBN 9781573561082
  4. ^ Profile from University at Buffalo alumni magazine
  5. ^ New York Magazine. Feb 11, 1991. Page 36.
  6. ^ Sheridan, Patricia (October 3, 2005). „„Breakfast with…“Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved December 6, 2005.
  7. ^ http://snltranscripts.jt.org/90/90kwaynesworld.phtml
  8. a b Blitzer, Wolf. Between Washington and Jerusalem. 1985, page ix
  9. a b c Makovsky, David (1990-04-29). „Wolf Blitzer, ‚Symbol of Integrity‘, Leaves Post For Cable Network Job“. The Jerusalem Post.
  10. ^ The American Spectator
  11. ^ MiddleEast.org – Mid-East Realities
  12. ^ Luxenberg, Steven (1989-05-21). „The American Who Loved Israel Too Much“ (Book Review). Washington Post.
  13. ^ Blitzer, Wolf. Territory of Lies. 1989, page xv
  14. ^ Blitzer, Wolf. Territory of Lies. 1989, page xix
  15. ^ „Notable Books of the Year“. The New York Times. 1989-12-13. Retrieved 2008-04-10.
  16. ^ Pear, Robert (1989-05-07). „The Spy from South Bend“ (Book Review). The New York Times.
  17. ^ Friedman, Robert (1990-02-01). „‚Territory of Lies'“ (letter by Blitzer, response by Friedman). New York Review of Books. Retrieved 2007-02-16.
  18. a b „Wolf Blitzer“. CNN. Retrieved 2007-02-09.
  19. ^ „Who’s Who in America – 2007“Who’s Who in America – 2007. Marquis‘ Who’s Who Ltd.. 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-09.
  20. ^ http://www.hartford.edu/daily/Articles.asp?MainID=11295&Category=1
  21. ^ http://www.tvfestival.net/content/Opening-Film/openUK.php
  22. ^ Linkins, Jason (2009-09-18). „Andy Richter Crushes CNN’s Wolf Blitzer In Celebrity Jeopardy“Huffington Post.
  23. ^ . http://popwatch.ew.com/2009/09/18/adventures-in-celebrity-jeopardy-what-is-get-a-clue-wolf-blizter/.
  24. ^ http://www.davidovit.com/articles/Blitzer.pdf

[edit]External links

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Preceded by
Charles Bierbauer
CNN Senior White House Correspondent
1992 – 1999
Succeeded by
John King
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