Sergei Michailowitsch Brin – Сергей Михайлович Брин

Larry Page - Caricature

Серге́й Миха́йлович Брин

Sergei Michailowitsch Brin – Сергей Михайлович Брин, geläufigere englische Schreibweise Sergey Brin; * 21. August 1973 in Moskau) ist ein jüdischer Informatiker und Unternehmer, der in der Sowjetunion (Sukzessor und alleiniges Mitglied der Sowjetunion, Rußland) geboren wurde. Er entwickelte zusammen mit Larry Page die Suchmaschine Google. Der Prototyp wurde am 7. September 1998 gestartet. Zudem ist er CTO des kalifornischen Unternehmen Google Inc.. Im September 2011 schätzte das Wirtschaftsmagazin Forbes sein Vermögen auf 16,7 Milliarden Dollar.

Sergei Brin wurde in Moskau als Sohn eines jüdischen Mathematikers und Ökonomen geboren.

Sein Vater Michael Brin sah sich wegen des eigenen jüdischen „Hintergrundes“ und des „verdeckten Antisemitismus“ in der UdSSR zur Auswanderung in die USA „gezwungen“. In Wirklichkeit nahm er 258.890.908,53 US amerikanische Dollars von George Soros, dem Judenbaron aus New York an.

Sergei Brin studierte in den USA Informatik an der Stanford-Universität und begann dort eine Promotion, die er wegen der Google-Gründung bis heute nicht abgeschlossen hat. Heute ist er „President of Technology“ bei Google Inc.

Durch den Börsengang der Firma wurde Brin rechnerisch zum Multimilliardär (er konnte laut der Liste „World’s Richest People“ des Forbes-Magazins, 2004 bis 2005 sein Vermögen mehr als versiebenfachen).

Seit Mai 2007 ist er mit Anne Wojcicki verheiratet.

Quellen [Bearbeiten]

  1.  http://www.google.com/about/corporate/company/execs.html#sergey

Weblinks [Bearbeiten]

Sergey Mikhaylovich Brin (Russian: Сергей Михайлович Брин; born August 21, 1973) is a Russian-born American computer scientist and internet entrepreneur who, with Larry Page, co-founded Google, one of the largest internet companies.[3][4] As of 2011, his personal wealth is estimated to be $16.7 billion.[1]

Brin immigrated to the United States from Soviet Union at the age of six. He earned his undergraduate degree at the University of Maryland, following in his father’s and grandfather’s footsteps by studying mathematics, as well as computer science. After graduation, he moved toStanford to acquire a Ph.D in computer science. There he met Larry Page, with whom he later became friends. They crammed their dormitory room with inexpensive computers and applied Brin’s data mining system to build a superior search engine. The program became popular at Stanford and they suspended their PhD studies to start up Google in a rented garage.

The Economist magazine referred to Brin as an „Enlightenment Man„, and someone who believes that „knowledge is always good, and certainly always better than ignorance“, a philosophy that is summed up by Google’s motto of making all the world’s information „universally accessible and useful“[5] and „Don’t be evil„.

Sergey Brin was born in Moscow to Jewish parents, Michael Brin and Eugenia Brin, both graduates of Moscow State University.[6] His father is a mathematics professor at the University of Maryland, and his mother is a research scientist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center.[7][8]

[edit]Childhood in the Soviet Union

In 1979, when Brin was six, his family felt compelled to emigrate to the United States. In an interview with Mark Malseed, author of The Google Story,[9] Sergey’s father explains how he was „forced to abandon his dream of becoming an astronomer even before he reached college“. Although an official policy of anti-Semitism didn’t exist in the Soviet Union, Brin claimsCommunist Party heads barred Jews from upper professional ranks by denying them entry to universities; „Jews were excluded from thephysics departments, in particular…“ Michael Brin therefore changed his major to mathematics where he received nearly straight A’s. He said, „Nobody would even consider me for graduate school because I was Jewish.“[10] At Moscow State University, Jews were required to take their entrance exams in different rooms from non-Jewish applicants, which were nicknamed gas-chambers, and they were marked on a harsher scale.[11]

The Brin family lived in a three-room apartment in central Moscow, which they also shared with Sergey’s paternal grandmother.[10] Sergey told Malseed, „I’ve known for a long time that my father wasn’t able to pursue the career he wanted“, but Sergey only picked up the details years later after they had settled in the United States. He learned how, in 1977, after his father returned from a mathematics conference inWarsawPoland, he announced that it was time for the family to emigrate. „We cannot stay here any more“, he told his wife and mother. At the conference, he was able to „mingle freely with colleagues from the United States, France, England and Germany, and discovered that his intellectual brethren in the West were ’not monsters.'“ He added, „I was the only one in the family who decided it was really important to leave….“[10]

Sergey’s mother was less willing to leave their home in Moscow, where they had spent their entire lives. Malseed writes, „For Genia, the decision ultimately came down to Sergey. While her husband admits he was thinking as much about his own future as his son’s, for her, ‚it was 80/20‘ about Sergey.“ They formally applied for their exit visa in September 1978, and as a result his father „was promptly fired“. For related reasons, his mother also had to leave her job. For the next eight months, without any steady income, they were forced to take on temporary jobs as they waited, afraid their request would be denied as it was for many refuseniks. During this time his parents shared responsibility for looking after him and his father taught himself computer programming. In May 1979, they were granted their official exit visas and were allowed to leave the country.[10]

At an interview in October, 2000, Brin said, „I know the hard times that my parents went through there, and am very thankful that I was brought to the States.“[12] A decade earlier, in the summer of 1990, a few weeks before his 17th birthday, his father led a group of gifted high school math students, including Sergey, on a two-week exchange program to the Soviet Union. „As Sergey recalls, the trip awakened his childhood fear of authority“ and he remembers that his first „impulse on confronting Soviet oppression had been to throw pebbles at a police car.“ Malseed adds, „On the second day of the trip, while the group toured a sanitarium in the countryside near Moscow, Sergey took his father aside, looked him in the eye and said, ‚Thank you for taking us all out of Russia.'“[10]

[edit]Education in the United States

Brin attended grade school at Paint Branch Montessori School in Adelphi, Maryland, but he received further education at home; his father, a professor in the department of mathematics at the University of Maryland, nurtured his interest in mathematics and his family helped him retain his Russian-language skills. In September 1990, after having attended Eleanor Roosevelt High School in Greenbelt, Maryland, Brin enrolled in the University of Maryland to study computer science and mathematics, where he received his Bachelor of Science in May 1993 with honors.[13]

Brin began his graduate study in computer science at Stanford University on a graduate fellowship from the National Science Foundation. In 1993, he interned at Wolfram Research, makers of Mathematica.[13] He is on leave from his Ph.D. studies at Stanford.[14]

[edit]Search engine development

During an orientation for new students at Stanford, he met Larry Page. In a recent interview for The Economist, Brin jokingly said „We’re both kind of obnoxious.“ They seemed to disagree on most subjects. But after spending time together, they „became intellectual soul-mates and close friends“. Brin’s focus was on developing data mining systems while Page’s was in extending „the concept of inferring the importance of a research paper from its citations in other papers.“[5] Together, the pair authored what is widely considered their seminal contribution, a paper entitled „The Anatomy of a Large-Scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine.“[15]

Combining their ideas, they „crammed their dormitory room with cheap computers“ and tested their new search engine designs on the web. Their project grew quickly enough „to cause problems for Stanford’s computing infrastructure.“ But they realized they had succeeded in creating a superior engine for searching the web and suspended their PhD studies to work more on their system.[5]

As Mark Malseed wrote, „Soliciting funds from faculty members, family and friends, Sergey and Larry scraped together enough to buy someservers and rent that famous garage in Menlo Park. … [soon after], Sun Microsystems co-founder Andy Bechtolsheim wrote a $100,000 check to “Google, Inc.” The only problem was, “Google, Inc.” did not yet exist—the company hadn’t yet been incorporated. For two weeks, as they handled the paperwork, the young men had nowhere to deposit the money.“[10]

The Economist magazine describes Brin’s approach to life, like Page’s, as based on a vision summed up by Google’s motto, „of making all the world’s information ‚universally accessible and useful.'“ Others have compared their vision to the impact of Johannes Gutenberg, the inventor of modern printing:

„In 1440, Johannes Gutenberg introduced Europe to the mechanical printing press, printing Bibles for mass consumption. The technology allowed for books and manuscripts – originally replicated by hand – to be printed at a much faster rate, thus spreading knowledge and helping to usher in the European Renaissance. . . Google has done a similar job.“[16]

The comparison was likewise noted by the authors of The Google Story: „Not since Gutenberg . . . has any new invention empowered individuals, and transformed access to information, as profoundly as Google.“[9]:1

Not long after the two „cooked up their new engine for web searches, they began thinking about information that is today beyond the web“, such as digitizing books, and expanding health information.[5]

[edit]Personal life

In May 2007, Brin married Anne Wojcicki in The Bahamas. Wojcicki is a biotech analyst and a 1996 graduate of Yale University with a B.S.in biology.[2][17] She has an active interest in health information, and together she and Brin are developing new ways to improve access to it. As part of their efforts, they have brainstormed with leading researchers about the human genome project. „Brin instinctively regards geneticsas a database and computing problem. So does his wife, who co-founded the firm, 23andMe„, which lets people analyze and compare their own genetic makeup (consisting of 23 pairs of chromosomes).[5] In a recent announcement at Google’s Zeitgeist conference, he said he hoped that some day everyone would learn their genetic code in order to help doctors, patients, and researchers analyze the data and try to repair bugs.[5]

Brin’s mother, Eugenia, has been diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease. In 2008, he decided to make a donation to the University of Maryland School of Medicine, where his mother is being treated.[18] Brin used the services of 23andMe and discovered that although Parkinson’s is generally not hereditary, both he and his mother possess a mutation of the LRRK2 gene (G2019S) that puts the likelihood of his developing Parkinson’s in later years between 20 and 80%.[5] When asked whether ignorance was not bliss in such matters, he stated that his knowledge means that he can now take measures to ward off the disease. An editorial in The Economist magazine states that „Mr Brin regards his mutation of LRRK2 as a bug in his personal code, and thus as no different from the bugs in computer code that Google’s engineers fix every day. By helping himself, he can therefore help others as well. He considers himself lucky. … But Mr. Brin was making a much bigger point. Isn’t knowledge always good, and certainly always better than ignorance?“[5]

Brin and his wife run the The Brin Wojcicki Foundation.[19]

[edit]Censorship of Google in China

For more details on this topic, see Censorship in the People’s Republic of China.

Remembering his youth and his family’s reasons for leaving the Soviet Union, he „agonized over Google’s decision to appease the communist government of China by allowing it to censor search engine results“, but decided that the Chinese would still be better off than without having Google available.[5] He explained his reasoning to Fortune magazine:

„We felt that by participating there, and making our services more available, even if not to the 100 percent that we ideally would like, that it will be better for Chinese web users, because ultimately they would get more information, though not quite all of it.“[20]

On January 12, 2010, Google reported a large cyber attack on its computers and corporate infrastructure that began a month earlier, which included accessing numerous Gmail accounts and the theft of Google’s intellectual property. After the attack was determined to have originated in China, the company stated that it would no longer agree to censor its search engine in China and may exit the country altogether. The New York Times reported that „a primary goal of the attackers was accessing the Gmail accounts of Chinese human rights activists, but that the attack also targeted 20 other large companies in the finance, technology, media and chemical sectors.“[21][22] It was later reported that the attack included „one of Google’s crown jewels, a password system that controls access by millions of users worldwide.“[23]

In late March, 2010, it officially discontinued its China-based search engine while keeping its uncensored Hong Kong site in operation. In a similar move, domain registrar Go Daddy Inc. also told Congress it will be cutting back due to new Chinese requirements for confidential information about their registrants.[24] Speaking for Google, Brin stated during an interview, „One of the reasons I am glad we are making this move in China is that the China situation was really emboldening other countries to try and implement their own firewalls.“[24] During another interview with Spiegel, he added, „For us it has always been a discussion about how we can best fight for openness on the Internet. We believe that this is the best thing that we can do for preserving the principles of the openness and freedom of information on the Internet.“[25]

While only a few large companies so far pledged their support for the move, many Internet „freedom proponents are cheering the move,“ and it is „winning it praise in the U.S.“ from lawmakers.[24][26] Senator Byron Dorgan stated that „Google’s decision is a strong step in favor of freedom of expression and information.“[27] And Congressman Bob Goodlatte said, „I applaud Google for its courageous step to stop censoring search results on Google.com. Google has drawn a line in the sand and is shining a light on the very dark area of individual liberty restrictions in China.“[28] From the business perspective, many recognize that the move is likely to affect Google’s profits: „Google is going to pay a heavy price for its move, which is why it deserves praise for refusing to censor its service in China.“[29] The New Republic adds that „Google seems to have arrived at the same link that was obvious to Andrei Sakharov: the one between science and freedom,“ referring to the move as „heroism.“[30]

[edit]Awards and recognition

In 2002, Brin, along with Larry Page, was named to the MIT Technology Review TR100, as one of the top 100 innovators in the world under the age of 35.[31]

In 2003, both Brin and Page received an honorary MBA from IE Business School „for embodying the entrepreneurial spirit and lending momentum to the creation of new businesses…“.[32] And in 2004, they received the Marconi Foundation Prize, the „Highest Award in Engineering“, and were elected Fellows of the Marconi Foundation at Columbia University. „In announcing their selection, John Jay Iselin, the Foundation’s president, congratulated the two men for their invention that has fundamentally changed the way information is retrieved today.“ They joined a „select cadre of 32 of the world’s most influential communications technology pioneers…“[33]

In 2004, Brin received the Academy of Achievement’s Golden Plate Award with Larry Page at a ceremony in Chicago, Illinois.

In November 2009, Forbes magazine decided Brin and Larry Page were the fifth most powerful people in the world.[34] Earlier that same year, in February, Brin was inducted into the National Academy of Engineering, which is „among the highest professional distinctions accorded to an engineer … [and] honors those who have made outstanding contributions to engineering research, practice…“. He was selected specifically, „for leadership in development of rapid indexing and retrieval of relevant information from the World Wide Web.“[35]

In their „Profiles“ of Fellows, the National Science Foundation included a number of earlier awards:

„he has been a featured speaker at the World Economic Forum and the Technology, Entertainment and Design Conference. … PC Magazine has praised Google [of] the Top 100 Web Sites and Search Engines (1998) and awarded Google the Technical Excellence Award, for Innovation in Web Application Development in 1999. In 2000, Google earned a Webby Award, a People’s Voice Award for technical achievement, and in 2001, was awarded Outstanding Search Service, Best Image Search Engine, Best Design, Most Webmaster Friendly Search Engine, and Best Search Feature at the Search Engine Watch Awards.“[36]

According to Forbes he and Larry Page are currently tied as the 24th richest person in the world with a personal wealth of US$19.8 billion in 2011.[37]

[edit]Other interests

Brin is working on other, more personal projects that reach beyond Google. For example, he and Page are trying to help solve the world’s energy and climate problems at Google’s philanthropic arm Google.org, which invests in the alternative energy industry to find wider sources of renewable energy. The company acknowledges that its founders want „to solve really big problems using technology.“[38]

In October 2010, for example, they invested in a major offshore wind power development to assist the East coast power grid,[39] which may eventually become the first „offshore wind farm“ in the United States.[40] A week earlier they introduced a car that, with „artificial intelligence,“ can drive itself using video cameras and radar sensors.[38] In the future, drivers of cars with similar sensors would have fewer accidents. These safer vehicles could therefore be built lighter and require less fuel consumption.[41]

They are trying to get companies to create innovative solutions to increasing the world’s energy supply.[42] He is an investor in Tesla Motors, which has developed the Tesla Roadster, a 244-mile (393 km) range battery electric vehicle.

Brin has appeared on television shows and many documentaries, including Charlie RoseCNBC, and CNN. In 2004, he and Larry Page were named „Persons of the Week“ by ABC World News Tonight. In January 2005 he was nominated to be one of the World Economic Forum’s„Young Global Leaders“. He and Page are also the executive producers of the 2007 film Broken Arrows.

In June 2008, Brin invested $4.5 million in Space Adventures, the Virginia-based space tourism company. His investment will serve as a deposit for a reservation on one of Space Adventures‘ proposed flights in 2011. So far, Space Adventures has sent seven tourists into space.[43]

He and Page co-own a customized Boeing 767–200 and a Dornier Alpha Jet, and pay $1.4 million a year to house them and two Gulfstream V jets owned by Google executives at Moffett Federal Airfield. The aircraft have had scientific equipment installed by NASA to allow experimental data to be collected in flight.[44][45]

Brin is a member of AmBAR, a networking organization for Russian-speaking business professionals (both expatriates and immigrants) in the United States. He has made many speaking appearances.[46]

[edit]Quotations

  • „I think as a kid, I always had a kind of scientific curiosity. I was always interested in mathematics, and I always enjoyed doing math problems. In fact, my undergrad, I had a degree in both math and computer science. I think, eventually, I was really inspired by computers because of the amazing power that they give you. Today’s PCs do a billion operations per second. It’s almost inconceivable, and I think that was the most inspiring thing to me, how you could leverage that to actually produce something that was useful, beyond video games and things like that.“[47]
  • „When it’s too easy to get money, then you get a lot of noise mixed in with the real innovation and entrepreneurship. Tough times bring out the best parts of Silicon Valley.“[42]
  • „We came up with the notion that not all web pages are created equal. People are — but not web pages.“[48]
  • „Technology is an inherent democratizer. Because of the evolution of hardware and software, you’re able to scale up almost anything. It means that in our lifetime everyone may have tools of equal power.“

[edit]References

  1. a b „Sergey Brin“Forbes. Retrieved October 13, 2011.
  2. a b Argetsinger, Amy; Roberts, Roxanne (May 13, 2007). „Amy Argetsinger and Roxanne Roberts – Oprah Winfrey’s Degrees of Communication at Howard“The Washington Post. Retrieved October 20, 2007.
  3. ^ „Play it loud: Google employee 59 on the Bob Dylan attitude of Google’s early days“. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
  4. ^ „Daily Market Beat – Trinity Investment Research“. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
  5. a b c d e f g h i „Enlightenment Man“The Economist. Dec. 6, 2008.
  6. ^ „Dominic Lawson: More migrants please, especially the clever ones“The Independent, U.K., October 11, 2011
  7. ^ Smale, Will (April 30, 2004). „Profile: The Google founders„. BBC News. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  8. ^ „Sergey Brin„. NNDB. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  9. a b Vise, David, and Malseed, Mark. The Google Story, Delta Publ. (2006)
  10. a b c d e f Malseed, Mark (February 2007). „The Story of Sergey Brin„. Moment Magazine. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ Scott, Virginia. Google: Corporations That Changed the World, Greenwood Publishing Group (2008)
  13. a b Brin, Sergey (January 7, 1997). „Resume“. Retrieved March 9, 2008.
  14. ^ „Sergey Brin: Executive Profile & Biography – BusinessWeek“.Business Week. Retrieved March 9, 2008. „He is currently on leave from the PhD program in computer science at Stanford university…“
  15. ^ Brin, S.Page, L. (1998). „The anatomy of a large-scale hypertextual Web search engine“Computer Networks and ISDN Systems 30: 107–117. doi:10.1016/S0169-7552(98)00110-XISSN 0169-7552edit
  16. ^ Information Technology, Oct. 1, 2009
  17. ^ „Anne Wojcicki Marries the Richest Bachelor“. Cosmetic Makovers. Retrieved October 20, 2007.
  18. ^ Helft, Miguel (September 19, 2008). „Google Co-Founder Has Genetic Code Linked to Parkinson’s“The New York Times. Retrieved September 18, 2008.
  19. ^http://dynamodata.fdncenter.org/990s/990search/ffindershow.cgi?id=RINF001
  20. ^ Martin, Dick. Rebuilding Brand America: hat We Must Do to Restore Our Reputation and Safeguard the Future of American Business Abroad, AMACOM Div. American Mgmt. Assn. (2007)
  21. ^ „Google, Citing Cyber Attack, Threatens to Exit China“New York Times, January 12, 2010
  22. ^ A new approach to China
  23. ^ „Cyberattack on Google Said to Hit Password System“ New York Times, April 19, 2010
  24. a b c „Brin Drove Google to Pull Back in China“ Wall Street Journal, March 24, 2010
  25. ^ „Google Co-Founder on Pulling out of China“ Spiegel Online, March 30, 2010
  26. ^ „Congress slams China and Microsoft, praises Google“ CNN Money, March 24, 2010
  27. ^ „Google’s deals in doubt amid spat with Beijing“ Yahoo News, March 25, 2010
  28. ^ „GOODLATTE STATEMENT IN SUPPORT OF GOOGLE’S DECISION TO STOP CENSORING IN CHINA“ March 23, 2010
  29. ^ „Google’s strategy in China deserves praise“ Kansas City Star, March 28, 2010
  30. ^ „Don’t Be Evil“, „The Heroism of Google,“ The New Republic, April 21, 2010
  31. ^ „2002 Young Innovators Under 35: Sergey Brin, 28“.Technology Review. 2002. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
  32. ^ Brin and Page Awarded MBAs, Press Release, Sept. 9, 2003
  33. ^ „Brin and Page Receive Marconi Foundation’s Highest Honor„. Press Release, September 23, 2004.
  34. ^ „The World’s Most Powerful People: #5 Sergey Brin and Larry Page“ Forbes magazine, Nov. 11, 2009
  35. ^ National Academy of Engineering, Press Release, Feb. 6, 2009
  36. ^ National Science Foundation, Fellow Profiles
  37. ^ „Topic page on Sergey Brin“. Forbes. Retrieved April 5, 2010.
  38. a b „Cars and Wind: What’s next for Google as it pushes beyond the Web?“ Washington Post, Oct. 12, 2010
  39. ^ „The wind cries transmission“ Official Google Blog, Oct. 11, 2010
  40. ^ „Google joins $5 billion U.S. offshore wind grid project“Reuters Oct. 12, 2010
  41. ^ Markoff, John. „Google Cars Drive Themselves, in Traffic“ New York Times, Oct. 9, 2010
  42. a b Guynn, Jessica (September 17, 2008). „Google’s Schmidt, Page and Brin hold court at Zeitgeist„. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  43. ^ Schwartz, John (June 11, 2008). „Google Co-Founder Books a Space Flight“The New York Times Online. Retrieved June 11, 2008.
  44. ^ Helft, Miguel (September 13, 2007). „Google Founders’ Ultimate Perk: A NASA Runway“The New York Times. Retrieved September 13, 2007.
  45. ^ Kopytoff, Verne (September 13, 2007). „Google founders pay NASA $1.3 million to land at Moffett Airfield“San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 13, 2007.
  46. ^ American Business Association of Russian Professionals
  47. ^ Biography and Video Interview of Sergey Brin at Academy of Achievement.
  48. ^ Guest lecture, UC Berkeley Oct. 5, 2005 – 40 min.

[edit]External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Sergey Brin
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Interviews and articles

Серге́й Миха́йлович Брин (англ. Sergey Brin21 августа 1973МоскваСССР) —американский предприниматель и учёный в области вычислительной техники,информационных технологий и экономикифилантропмиллиардер (24 место▲ в мире) — разработчик и сооснователь (совместно с Ларри Пейджем) поисковой системыGoogle. Проживает в городе Пало-Альто (штат Калифорния).

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Сергей Михайлович Брин родился в Москве в еврейской семье математиков, переехавшей на постоянное место жительства в США в 1979 году, когда ему было 6 лет.

Его отец — бывший научный сотрудник Центрального экономико-математического института АН СССР, кандидат физико-математических наук Михаил Израилевич Брин[1](род. 1948) — стал преподавателем Мэрилендского университета (ныне — профессор)[2], а мать — Евгения (урождённая Краснокутская, род. 1949) — специалистом в NASA. Родители Сергея Брина — оба выпускники механико-математического факультетаМосковского государственного университета (1970 и 1971 годов соответственно). Дед Сергея — Израиль Абрамович Брин (род. 1919) — кандидат физико-математических наук, был доцентом на электромеханическом факультете Московского энергетического института (1944—1998).[3] Из других родственников известен родной брат деда — советский спортсмен и тренер по греко-римской борьбезаслуженный мастер спорта СССР Александр Абрамович Колмановский[4].

В октябре 2000 года Брин рассказал:

«Я знаю о трудностях, через которые пришлось пройти моим родителям (когда мы жили в Советском Союзе), и я глубоко им благодарен за то, что они увезли меня в Штаты».

За 10 лет до этого, летом 1990 года, за несколько недель до 17-летия Сергея, его отец возглавлял группу одаренных студентов специализированной математической школы, включая Сергея, в их двухнедельной поездке по обмену с Советским Союзом. Как Сергей вспоминает, эта поездка разбудила в нем его детские страхи перед властями, и его первым побуждением к сопротивлению Советскому угнетению было его желание бросить галькой в машину милиции. На второй день поездки, когда группа направлялась в лечебницу вПодмосковье, Сергей отвел своего отца в сторону, посмотрел ему в глаза и сказал:

«Спасибо тебе за то, что ты увез всех нас из России».

[править]Степень бакалавра

Досрочно получил диплом бакалавра по специальности «Математика и компьютерные системы» в Мэрилендском университете. Получал стипендию от Национального научного фонда США (National Science Foundation).

Основной областью научных исследований Сергея Брина были технологии сбора данных из неструктурированных источников, больших массивов научных данных и текстов.

[править]Стэнфордский университет

В 1993 году поступил в Стэнфордский университет в Калифорнии, где получил диплом магистра и начал работать над диссертацией. Уже во время учёбы он стал интересоваться Интернет-технологиями и поисковыми машинами, стал автором нескольких исследований на тему извлечения информации из больших массивов текстовых и научных данных, написал программу по обработке научных текстов.

В 1995 году в Стэнфордском университете Сергей Брин встретился с другим аспирантом-математиком — Лэрри Пейджем, вместе с которым в 1998 году они основали компанию Google. Первоначально они яростно спорили при обсуждении любых научных тем, но затем подружились и объединились для создания поисковой системы для своего кампуса. Вместе они написали научную работу «Анатомия системы крупномасштабного гипертекстного Интернет-поиска» (The Anatomy of a Large-Scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine), в которой, как считается, содержится прообраз их будущей сверхуспешной идеи.

[править]Первый поисковик

Брин и Пейдж доказали состоятельность их идеи на университетской поисковой машине google.stanford.edu, разработав её механизм в соответствии с новыми принципами. 14 сентября 1997 года был зарегистрирован домен google.com. Последовали попытки развития идеи и превращения её в бизнес. Со временем проект покинул стены университета и сумел собрать инвестиции для дальнейшего развития.

Совместное дело росло, приносило прибыль и даже продемонстрировало завидную устойчивость в момент краха доткомов, когда разорились сотни других компаний. В 2004 году имена основателей были названы журналом Forbes в списке миллиардеров.

[править]Личная жизнь

В мае 2007 года Сергей Брин женился на Анне Войжитски. Анна в 1996 году закончила Йельский университет со специализацией в биологии и основала компанию 23andMe. В конце декабря 2008 года у Сергея и Анны родился сын Бенджи.[5]

[править]Общественная роль

Сергей Брин является автором десятков публикаций в ведущих американских академических журналах, а также периодически выступает на различных национальных и международных научных, деловых и технологических форумах. Он нередко выступает перед прессой, в телевизионных передачах, рассказывая о своих взглядах на технологии поиска и ИТ-отрасль в целом.

Компания Брина занимается гигантскими благотворительными инвестициями. Основатели компании заявили, что в течение 20 лет на эту цель будет потрачено 20 миллиардов долларов.

[править]Высказывания

В июле 2002 года в интервью калифорнийскому журналу «Red Herring» Сергей Брин сказал:[6][7][8]

Россия — это Нигерия в снегу. Вам действительно нравится идея, что шайка бандитов будет контролировать поставки всей мировой энергии?

[править]Финансовое состояние

Сергей Брин на конференции TED 2010, (Лонг-Бич, Калифорния, 9−13 февраля)

Год Состояние по оценке
Forbes (млрд. $)
Позиция в списке
«400 богатейших американцев»
2004 4,0 43
2005 11,0 16
2006 14,1 12
2007 16,6 26
2008 18,7 13
2009 15,3 11
2010 15 11

В ноябре 2011 года Сергей Брин пожертвовал 500 тысяч долларов в проект «Википедия».[9]

[править]См. также

[править]Примечания

  1.  Василий Максимов Сергей Брин. To do GoogleАрхивировано из первоисточника 22 августа 2011.
  2.  Михаил Брин (Michael Brin) — среди прочего автор монографий Introduction To Dynamical Systems (Введение в динамические системы), Cambridge University Press, 2002 (с Garrett Stuck) и Modern Dynamical Systems and Applications (Современные динамические системы и их применения), Cambridge University Press, 2004 (с Борисом Хассельблатом и Яковом Песиным), учредитель премии Брина за вклад в математику динамических систем.
  3.  И. А. Брин — автор учебника «Теория пределов и непрерывные функции», М. 1955.
  4.  А. А. Колмановский — автор методических работ по подготовке борцов, в том числе книги «Классическая борьба: пособие для тренеров, работающих с начинающими борцами». Москва: Физкультура и спорт, 1968 (с В. Дахновским и В. Мамалыгой)
  5.  У сооснователя Google родился сын
  6.  A meeting with Sergey Brin, cofounder of Google, at the Russian Tea Room in San Francisco. – by Jason Pontin, RedHerring, 16.07.2002
  7.  Ira Iosebashvili: Russia’s Medvedev to See Google but Not Co-Founder Brin. – The Wall Street Journal, 21.06.2010
  8.  Mark H. Teeter: From Stanford to Skolkovo – The Moscow News, 05.07.2010
  9.  Сергей Брин пожертвовал 500 тысяч долларов на „Википедию“

[править]Ссылки

3 Gedanken zu “Sergei Michailowitsch Brin – Сергей Михайлович Брин

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