Levi Eshkol (help·info) (Hebrew: לֵוִי אֶשְׁכּוֹל, born Levi Školnik (Hebrew: לֵוִי שׁקוֹלנִיק) on 25 October 1895, died 26 February 1969) served as the third Prime Minister of Israel from 1963 until his death from a heart attack in 1969. He was the first Israeli Prime Minister to die in office.
Levi received a traditional education. In 1914, he left for Palestine, then part of the Ottoman Empire. He was a leading member of the Judea Workers‘ Union in 1915–17 and volunteered for the Jewish Legion in World War I. Eshkol joined Kibbutz Deganya Bet and married Rivka Maharshek. They divorced shortly after the birth of their daughter, Noa, in 1924. Eshkol’s second wife was Elisheva Kaplan, with whom he had three daughters, Dvora, Rivka and Tama.