Ethel Greenglass Rosenberg (September 28, 1915 – June 19, 1953) and Julius Rosenberg (May 12, 1918 – June 19, 1953) were American Jewish communists who were convicted and executed in 1953 for conspiracy to commit espionage during a time of war. The charges related to their passing information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. This was the first execution of civilians for espionage in United States history.
Julius Rosenberg was born to a family of Jewish immigrants in New York City on May 12, 1918. Census records show that his family lived at 205 East 113th when he was two years old. The family moved to the Lower East Side by the time Julius was eleven.
His parents worked in the shops of the Lower East Side, as Julius attended Seward Park High School. Julius became a leader in the Young Communist League, USA while at City College of New York. In 1936 he met Ethel Greenglass in the group. They married in 1939, the year he graduated from college with a degree in electrical engineering.
 Marriage and family
In 1939 he married Ethel Greenglass. The Rosenbergs had two sons, Robert and Michael. After their parents‘ convictions and executions, the boys were adopted by the teacher and songwriter Abel Meeropol and his wife Anne (and took the Meeropol surname to protect their privacy while they were growing up).