Ethel Greenglass Rosenberg (September 28, 1915 – June 19, 1953) and Julius Rosenberg (May 12, 1918 – June 19, 1953) were American Jewish communists who were convicted and executed in 1953 for conspiracy to commit espionage during a time of war. The charges related to their passing information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. This was the first execution of civilians for espionage in United States history.
Ethel Greenglass was born on September 28, 1915, in New York City, to a Jewish family. An aspiring actress and singer, she eventually took a secretarial job at a shipping company. She became involved in labor disputes and joined the Young Communist League, USA, where she met Julius Rosenberg .
The Rosenbergs had two sons, Robert and Michael. After their parents‘ convictions and executions, the boys were adopted by the teacher and songwriter Abel Meeropol and his wife Anne (and took the Meeropol surname to protect their privacy while they were growing up).